Thursday, February 28, 2013

Antibiotics - 5 Reasons to Avoid Them - Yeast Infection, MRSA, Resistance, Diarrhea, and Allergy

Antibiotics - 5 Reasons to Avoid Them - Yeast Infection, MRSA, Resistance, Diarrhea, and Allergy
Antibiotics - 5 Reasons to Avoid Them - Yeast Infection, MRSA, Resistance, Diarrhea, and Allergy

sometime we have any questions to make do something with healthy of body such as : 
Have a cold lift an antibiotic? 

Ear wound?  seize an antibiotic.

Acne?  choose an antibiotic.

That's what people contemplate anyway. But is this really the best course of action?  Does the short-term find outweigh the long-term consequences?  And is there a short-term derive to open with?  Antibiotics don't relieve colds caused by a virus. Most ear infections obvious honest as speedily without antibiotics. upright, terrible acne improves with oral antibiotics, but what about the millions of teens who prefer them for unbiased a few zits? 

Every day doctors glimpse problems related to the expend of antibiotics. Here are five reasons doctors try to limit their utilize and why you should consider twice yourself before taking one.

1. Yeast infection. Often patients are unaware that our body is covered with germs, both inside and out. The skin, the mouth, the vagina, the intestine - all have their contain population of bacteria. For the most fraction, these microbes discontinue where they belong and do what they're supposed to. One function of the normal flora (normal population of bacteria)  is to preserve the terrible ones at bay. There are always a few ghastly bacteria around, but usually they are crowded out by the respectable ones. However, taking an antibiotic often kills off the population of first-rate bacteria and allows a different microbe to grasp over. Most commonly, yeast is the intruder. Once the bacteria bag out of the blueprint, the few yeast that linger on the skin, in the vagina, or in the colon claim the territory as their enjoy. The overgrowth of yeast often leads to symptoms of vaginal yeast infection or a yeast skin infection, usually in warm areas such as the armpits, groin, or under the breast.

2. Clostridium difficile colitis. honest as the overgrowth of yeast can occur and fabricate infection when the normal bacteria are killed off, so may inferior bacteria. Frequently the normal flora of the intestine is susceptible to an antibiotic taken for an illness. However, clostridium difficile (or c. diff.)  is not killed by accepted antibiotics such as penicillin, sulfa drugs, or erythromycin. The few c. diff. bacteria that you may harbor in your intestine will not afflict you as long as their numbers remain petite. But when overgrowth occurs, foul-smelling diarrhea occurs, sometimes accompanied by fever, dehydration, or the need for hospitalization. C. diff. colitis requires a different antibiotic to rid your body of this unsuitable organism.

3. Resistance. As mentioned above, clear bacteria are already resistant to antibiotics. However, the potential exists for many bacteria to become resistant to useful antibiotics. What if penicillin became ineffective for strep throat?  In some cases it already is. MRSA (methicillin-resistant staph aureus)  is a unfriendly bacteria that has emerged in unusual years due to the overuse of antibiotics. If you remember your high school genetics, you may know that when bacteria (or people)  multiply by the billions, a few mutations are inevitable. In the microbe population this often means that when billions of bacteria reproduce, a few of the daughter-bacteria inherit a mutation that makes them resistant to determined antibiotics. Usually these mutated bacteria, though stronger in the sense that they could live through an "attack" of penicillin, are actually weaker in other ways and die a natural but premature death. However, if the entire population of bacteria is subject to a round of antibiotics, the weaker but penicillin-resistant bacteria may live to repopulate the environment. Then the next time penicillin is weak, it will not work. Doctors discover antibiotic resistance everyday. It IS a actual threat, and at least for now, we don't have unusual antibiotics on the horizon to spend against these resistant bacteria.

4. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea. Even apart from killing off the normal flora of the body, antibiotics may cause nausea, vomiting, or diarrhea in themselves. These are chemicals after all, chemicals which the body may reject as foreign. The erythromycin class of antibiotics is especially distinguished for causing gastrointestinal symptoms by stimulating the naturally occurring contractions of the gut.

5. Drug allergy. Any patient can be allergic to any medication, and antibiotics are no exception. Though often an antibiotic allergy may manifest as only a rash, suitable anaphylaxis may occur with the exercise of any antibiotic. Anaphlylaxis is a total body allergic response which may include hives, nausea, light-headedness, itching, swelling, and misfortune breathing, grand like a bee-sting allergy. Any time you deem you are having a reaction to a medication, call your doctor. If you are having peril breathing or feel like you might faint, call 911. This is a medical emergency.

objective writing this reminds me to be careful when prescribing antibiotics to my patients. Next time your doctor orders you a round of penicillin or other antibiotic, ask how vital the drug really is. Often they are prescribed for convenience more than necessity. If an antibiotic will only secure you well a day faster, maybe you're better off doing without.

Copyright 2011 Cynthia J. Koelker, MD

No comments:

Post a Comment